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Total Knee Replacement- Coimbatore

Top Hospitals for Total Knee Replacement in Coimbatore

Saraswathi Hospitals

Chinthamanipudur, Coimbatore

100 Beds

Summary:

  • Offers care in Orthopaedics, Surgery, Cardiology, ENT, Diabetes and others.
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Sri Lakshmi Medical Centre & Hospitals

Thudiyalur, Coimbatore

200 Beds

Summary:

  • Specialises in Minimal Access Surgery, Cardiac Surgeries, Ortho & Trauma, OBGY and others.
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Kongunda Hospital

Tatabad, Coimbatore

250 Beds

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Sri Ramakrishna Hospital

BKR Nagar, Coimbatore

230 Beds

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Dr. R. Vijayaraj

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon & HOD

Sri Balaji Hospital

Sundarapuram, Coimbatore

100 Beds

Summary:

  • Hospital uses the most advanced oncological procedures to treatments for everyday ailments.
  • Hospital use state-of-the-art technology and cutting-edge surgical and medical techniques to deliver outstanding outcomes.
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About Total Knee Replacement

Knee joint replacement is a surgery to replace a knee joint with a man-made artificial joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis. Alternative names can be Total knee replacement, Knee arthroplasty, Knee replacement – total, Tricompartmental knee replacement, Subvastus knee replacement, Knee replacement – minimally invasive, Knee arthroplasty – minimally invasive, TKA – knee replacement, Osteoarthritis – replacement, OA – knee replacement.

The most common reason to have a knee joint replacement is to relieve severe arthritis pain. Your doctor may recommend knee joint replacement if:

  • You are having pain from knee arthritis that keeps you from sleeping or doing normal activities.
  • You cannot walk and take care of yourself.
  • Your knee pain has not improved with other treatment.
  • You understand what surgery and recovery will be like.

Most of the time, knee joint replacement is done in people age 60 and older. Younger people who have a knee joint replaced may put extra stress on the artificial knee and cause it to wear out early and not last as long.

Diagnosis:

  • The doctor takes a detailed history and performs a clinical examination of the knee involved to check the range of motion, level of pain, etc.
  • The doctor might also make you walk to check the gait.
  • The doctor can advise an X-Ray and an MR Scan to know the exact condition of the bones in the joint, whether its cartilage or any other structural changes required around the knee joint.

Damaged cartilage and bone are removed from the knee joint. Man-made pieces are then placed in the knee.

These pieces may be placed in the following places in the knee joint:

  • The lower end of the thigh bone — This bone is called the femur. The replacement part is usually made of metal.
  • The upper end of the shin bone, which is the large bone in your lower leg — This bone is called the tibia. The replacement part is usually made from metal and a strong plastic.
  • The back side of your kneecap — Your kneecap is called the patella. The replacement part is usually made from a strong plastic.

You will not feel any pain during the surgery. You will have one of these two types of anesthesia:

  • General anesthesia — This means you will be asleep and unable to feel pain.
  • Regional (spinal or epidural) anesthesia — Medicine is put into your back to make you numb below your waist. You will also get medicine to make you sleepy. And you may get medicine that will make you forget about the procedure, even though you are not fully asleep.

After you receive anesthesia, your surgeon will make a cut over your knee to open it up. This cut is often 8 to 10 inches (20 to 25 cm) long. Then your surgeon will:

  • Move your kneecap (patella) out of the way, then cut the ends of your thigh bone and shin (lower leg) bone to fit the replacement part.
  • Cut the underside of your kneecap to prepare it for the new pieces that will be attached there.
  • Fasten the two parts of the prosthesis to your bones. One part will be attached to the end of your thigh bone and the other part will be attached to your shin bone. The pieces can be attached using bone cement or screws.
  • Attach the underside of your kneecap. A special bone cement is used to attach this part.
  • Repair your muscles and tendons around the new joint and close the surgical cut.

The surgery takes about 2 hours.

Most artificial knees have both metal and plastic parts. Some surgeons now use different materials, including metal on metal, ceramic on ceramic, or ceramic on plastic.

Always tell your health care provider what drugs you are taking, even drugs, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescription.

During the 2 weeks before your surgery:

  • Prepare your home.
  • Two weeks before surgery, you may be asked to stop taking drugs that make it harder for your blood to clot.
  • You may also need to stop taking medicines that can make your body more likely to get an infection.
  • Ask your provider which drugs you should still take on the day of your surgery.
  • If you have diabetes, heart disease, or other medical conditions, your surgeon will ask you to see the provider who treats you for these conditions.
  • Tell your provider if you have been drinking a lot of alcohol, more than 1 or 2 drinks a day.
  • If you smoke, you need to stop. Ask your providers for help. Smoking will slow down wound and bone healing. Your recovery may not be as good if you keep smoking.
  • Always let your provider know about any cold, flu, fever, herpes breakout, or other illness you have before your surgery.
  • You may want to visit a physical therapist to learn some exercises to do before surgery.
  • Set up your home to make everyday tasks easier.
  • Practice using a cane, walker, crutches, or a wheelchair correctly.

On the day of your surgery:

  • You will most often be asked not to drink or eat anything for 6 to 12 hours before the procedure.
  • Take the drugs you have been told to take with a small sip of water.
  • You will be told when to arrive at the hospital.

Post Procedure:

  • You will stay in the hospital for 1 to 2 days.
  • During that time, you will recover from your anesthesia and from the surgery itself.
  • You will be asked to start moving and walking as soon as the first day after surgery.
  • Full recovery will take 4 months to a year.
  • Some people need a short stay in a rehabilitation centre after they leave the hospital and before they go home. At a rehabilitation centre, you will learn how to safely do your daily activities on your own.

Disclaimer: The information provided by us is not designed to and does not provide medical advice, professional diagnosis, opinion, treatment or services...

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Disclaimer: The information provided by us is not designed to and does not provide medical advice, professional diagnosis, opinion, treatment or services to you or to any other individual or entity. All the information provided on this platform is for information purposes only. If you are a patient using this platform, you must seek assistance from a health care professional when interpreting these materials and applying them to your individual circumstances.

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